Powder of Echinacea purpurea root.
Use with caution in first trimester of pregnancy and seek professional advice before use.
Do not give to children under 12.
Excessive doses, if undiluted or on an empty stomach may cause passing gastric upset in sensitive individuals.
Allergies to echinacea and members of the Asteraceae family are known, but relatively rare.
Some concerns have been raised about liver toxicity and the pyrrolizidine alkaloid levels in echinacea, but the type present in echinacea are not liver toxic (they have a 1,2 saturated necine ring).
Though there is some evidence that echinacea has an effect on CYP450 liver enzymes, there is no evidence of any interactions between echinacea and prescription medication.
Part used: Root or whole plant (we use fresh root tincture)
Habitat: Native to praries and open woodland in the USA and cultivated as an ornamental plant. The purpurea variety grows well in Europe and has become more popular medicinally after overharvesting of wild angustifolia which is harder to cultivate. The leaves are serrate pointed ovals and broader than the other two varieties (pallida and angustifolia), with distinctive purple petalled flowrs which open and point back and downwards when mature.
Constituents: It is particularly easy to tell the quality of an echinacea preparation by how much it tingles in your mouth. If it makes you salivate and leaves a strong tingle for several minutes, it's a good sign. Alkamides are one of the main vonstituents which cause this sensation. Alkamdes, phenolic acids, caffeic acid esters, volatile oils, polysaccharides, polyacetylenes resin, phytosterols.
Actions: Immune system modulator, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, alterative, diaphoretic, peripheral vasodilator, vulnerary. Immunomodulatory activity based on research includes: stimulation of natural killer cell and macrophage activity, increased phagocytosis and leukocyte mobility, increase T-cell response, increase various cytokines including interferon, inhibit COX-1 and COX2 activity.
Disclaimer: The information on this website is provided for educational use only, and is not intended as a replacement for the services of a qualified medical herbalist, doctor or licensed health practitioner. The information contained herein is not diagnostic, always consult a medical health professional before embarking on a treatment programme. Urban Fringe Dispensary disclaims any liability, loss, injury or damage incurred as a consequence of the use and application of the advice given herein.
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