Tincture of bitter orange peel (Citrus aurantium) 1:3 45%
Citrus aurantium, organic grain alcohol
Daily adult dose unless otherwise prescribed: 2.5-5ml before food, up to three times a day.
Use with caution during pregnancy, please seek advice before taking.
Theoretical contraindication with anti-coagulant medication.
Part used: Peel
Habitat: Well known as Seville Orange, Citrus aurantium is a hardy drought resistant citrus tree growing natively in Spain and the southern Mediterranean but naturalised in other areas such as Florida. The peel of citrus fruits is where the highest levels of volatile oils can be found although they are present in the leaves and flowers to some extent. Though all types of citrus peel (with the pith included) has some bitter quality to it, this variety has a thick spongy pith and rind with much more intensely bitter yet still aromatic flavours.
Constituents: Volatile oils (containing limonene, citral, citronellal and others), flavanone glycosides, esters, neohespiridin, flavonoids and phenolic acids, furanocoumarins such as psoralens.
Actions: Bitter, digestive stimulant, digestive and liver tonic, carminative (soothes digestion and griping), mildly antidepressant, anti-catarrhal, mild bronchodilator, mild diuretic
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